What is Poetry Therapy?
“The terms poetry therapy, applied poetry facilitation, journal therapy, bibliotherapy, biblio/poetry therapy, and poetry/journal therapy are all intended to reflect the interactive use of literature and/or writing to promote growth and healing. When the umbrella term “poetry therapy” is used herein, it is intended to encompass all of the modalities above. These terms are trademark protected and their legal use is restricted to those who have completed the required training and maintain their status in good standing as determined by the renewal policy in place.” (IFBPT)
What is a Poetry Therapist?
“A certified poetry therapist (CPT) and registered poetry therapist (PTR) are licensed professionals who have extensive mental health training and may work independently with emotionally troubled populations. CPTs and PTRs also work with individuals having adjustment problems brought about by developmental or life crises or disabilities. These designations are conferred only upon those who have completed graduate work in a mental health field or as an MD and have attained licensure. A credentials candidate who completes CPT or PTR requirements prior to licensure will be awarded the CAPF until s/he submits proof of licensure to the chair of the Credentials Committee.” (IFBPT)
“A certified applied poetry facilitator (CAPF) has a bachelor’s degree and brings to training a unique background, blending love and knowledge of literature and writing with an understanding of basic psychology and group dynamics. Although the CAPF’s training is geared to working with healthy populations, the CAPF must be able to recognize the difference between “normalcy” and pathology, and must be able to determine when a distressed individual needs to be referred to a mental health professional.” (IFBPT)
Are there any professional organizations?
Who credentials poetry therapists?
Are there any academic journals associated with this field?
Canada, K. E., Brinkley, A., Peters, C., & Albright, D. L. (2015). Military veterans: Therapeutic journaling in a veterans treatment court. Journal of Poetry Therapy, 28(2), 113–128. https://doi.org/10.1080/08893675.2015.1011373
Cannon, P. (2018). Rethinking bibliotherapy: a neurorhetoric narratology model for addiction treatment. Health Information & Libraries Journal, 35(4), 331–335. https://doi.org/10.1111/hir.12239
Chamberlain, D. (2019). The experience of older adults who participate in a bibliotherapy/poetry group in an older adult inpatient mental health assessment and treatment ward. Journal of Poetry Therapy, 32(4), 223–239. https://doi.org/10.1080/08893675.2019.1639879
Connors, G. J., Walitzer, K. S., Prince, M. A., & Kubiak, A. (2017). Secondary prevention of alcohol problems in rural areas using a bibliotherapy-based approach. Journal of Rural Mental Health, 41(2), 162–173. https://doi.org/10.1037/rmh0000073
De Vries, D., Brennan, Z., Lankin, M., Morse, R., Rix, B., & Becl, T. (2017). Healing With Books: A Literature Review of Bibliotherapy Used With Children and Youth Who Have Experienced Trauma. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 51(1), 48–74. https://doi.org/10.18666/TRJ-2017-V51-I1-7652
DeVries, D., & Sunden, S. (2019). Bibliotherapy with children who have a sibling with a disability. Journal of Poetry Therapy, 32(3), 135–155. https://doi.org/10.1080/08893675.2019.1625147
DeVries, D., Gallagher, B., Harbin, K., Schout, J., Schafer, C., Teravest, V.(2019). Bibliotherapy as a recreational therapy intervention in pediatric oncology. American Journal of Recreation Therapy, 18(3), 25-36. https://doi.org/10.5055/ajrt.2019.0193
Eisen, K., Lawlor, C., Wu, C. D., & Mason, D. (2018). Reading and recovery expectations: Implementing a recovery-oriented bibliotherapy program in an acute inpatient psychiatric setting. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 41(3), 243–245. https://doi.org/10.1037/prj0000307
Foley, P. S. (2015). The metaphors they carry: Exploring how veterans use metaphor to describe experiences of PTSD. Journal of Poetry Therapy, 28(2), 129–146. https://doi.org/10.1080/08893675.2015.1011375
Ford, D. Y., Walters, N. M., Byrd, J. A., & Harris, B. N. (2019). I Want to Read About Me: Engaging and Empowering Gifted Black Girls Using Multicultural Literature and Bibliotherapy. Gifted Child Today, 42(1), 53–57. https://doi.org/10.1177/1076217518804851
Glavin, C. E. Y., & Montgomery, P. (2017). Creative bibliotherapy for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD): a systematic review. Journal of Poetry Therapy, 30(2), 95–107. https://doi.org/10.1080/08893675.2017.1266190
Gustafsson, T. (2019). The introduction of bibliotherapy and its theoretical transformation to audio-visual media. Journal of Scandinavian Cinema, 9(1), 53–58. https://doi.org/10.1386/jsca.9.1.53_1
Hazlett-Stevens, H., & Oren, Y. (2017). Effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Bibliotherapy: A Preliminary Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 73(6), 626–637. https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.22370
Lucas, C. V., Teixeira, D., Soares, L., & Oliveira, F. (2019). Bibliotherapy as a hope-building tool in educational settings. Journal of Poetry Therapy, 32(4), 199–213. https://doi.org/10.1080/08893675.2019.1639883
Malibiran, R., Tariman, J., & Amer, K. (2018). Bibliotherapy: Appraisal of Evidence for Patients Diagnosed With Cancer. Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing, 22(4), 377–380. https://doi.org/10.1188/18.CJON.377-380
McCulliss, D., & Chamberlain, D. (2013). Bibliotherapy for youth and adolescents—School-based application and research. Journal of Poetry Therapy, 26(1), 13–40. https://doi.org/10.1080/08893675.2013.764052
Mumbauer, J., & Kelchner, V. (2017). Promoting Mental Health Literacy through Bibliotherapy in School-Based Settings. Professional School Counseling, 21(1), 1096-2409-21.1. https://doi.org/10.5330/1096-2409-21.1.85
Shafi, N. (2010). Poetry therapy and schizophrenia: Clinical and neurological perspectives. Journal of Poetry Therapy, 23(2), 87–99. https://doi.org/10.1080/08893675.2010.482811
Williamson, C., & Wright, J. K. (2018). How creative does writing have to be in order to be therapeutic? A dialogue on the practice and research of writing to recover and survive. Journal of Poetry Therapy, 31(2), 113–123. https://doi.org/10.1080/08893675.2018.1448951
Wootton, B. M., Steinman, S. A., Czerniawski, A., Norris, K., Baptie, C., Diefenbach, G., & Tolin, D. F. (2018). An Evaluation of the Effectiveness of a Transdiagnostic Bibliotherapy Program for Anxiety and Related Disorders: Results From Two Studies Using a Benchmarking Approach. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 42(5), 565–580. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-018-9921-x