Functional Fitness

Adaptive Training Academy
Crossroads Adaptive Athletic Alliance
I Am Adaptive
Ogar: Will of Steel Movie
Team RWB

Power Athlete
Mayhem Nation
Power Athlete– Strength-based
SH//FT– endurance-based
International Functional Fitness Federation
Keala Foundation– Hawaiian youth
Steve’s Club– at risk youth
Team RWB

Equip Products– Adaptive Gear
Rogue Fitness Equipment
Xero Shoes

Beyond The Whiteboard
Push Press Gym Management Software
Train Heroic Programming
True Coach
Zen Planner Gym Management Software



Claudino, J. G., Gabbett, T. J., Bourgeois, F., Souza, H. de S., Miranda, R. C., Mezêncio, B., … Serrão, J. C. (2018). CrossFit Overview: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Sports Medicine – Open, 4(1), 11.

Davies, M., Coleman, L., & Babkes Stellino, M. (2016). The relationship between basic psychological need satisfaction, behavioral regulation, and Participation in CrossFit. Journal of Sport Behavior, 39(3), 239–254.

Eather, N., Morgan, P. J., & Lubans, D. R. (2016). Effects of exercise on mental health outcomes in adolescents: Findings from the CrossFitTM teens randomized controlled trial. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 26, 14–23.

Fell, J. (2017). Psychological Outcomes Associated with CrossFit. Journal of Evolution and Health, 2(2).

Gianzina, E. A., & Kassotaki, O. A. (2019). The benefits and risks of the high-intensity CrossFit training. Sport Sciences for Health, 15(1), 21–33.

Gipson, C., Campbell, N., & Malcom, N. (2018). Partnerships between an At-Risk Youth CrossFit Program and Local Community Organizations: Focusing on the Antecedents to Partnership Development. Sports, 6(3), 100.

Heinrich, K. M., Carlisle, T., Kehler, A., & Cosgrove, S. J. (2017). Mapping Coachesʼ Views of Participation in CrossFit to the Integrated Theory of Health Behavior Change and Sense of Community. Family & Community Health, 40(1), 24–27.

Meyer, J., Morrison, J., & Zuniga, J. (2017). The Benefits and Risks of CrossFit: A Systematic Review. Workplace Health & Safety, 65(12), 612–618.

Whiteman-Sandland, J., Hawkins, J., & Clayton, D. (2018). The role of social capital and community belongingness for exercise adherence: An exploratory study of the CrossFit gym model. Journal of Health Psychology, 23(12), 1545–1556.


Babson, K. A., Heinz, A. J., Ramirez, G., Puckett, M., Irons, J. G., Bonn-Miller, M. O., & Woodward, S. H. (2015). The interactive role of exercise and sleep on veteran recovery from symptoms of PTSD. Mental Health and Physical Activity, 8, 15–20.

de Labra, C., Guimaraes-Pinheiro, C., Maseda, A., Lorenzo, T., & Millán-Calenti, J. C. (2015). Effects of physical exercise interventions in frail older adults: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. BMC Geriatrics, 15(1), 154.

Dittus, K. L., Gramling, R. E., & Ades, P. A. (2017). Exercise interventions for individuals with advanced cancer: A systematic review. Preventive Medicine, 104, 124–132.

Eng, J. J., & Reime, B. (2014). Exercise for depressive symptoms in stroke patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical Rehabilitation, 28(8), 731–739.

Firth, J., Cotter, J., Elliott, R., French, P., & Yung, A. R. (2015). A systematic review and meta-analysis of exercise interventions in schizophrenia patients. Psychological Medicine, 45(7), 1343–1361.

Fuller, J. T., Hartland, M. C., Maloney, L. T., & Davison, K. (2018). Therapeutic effects of aerobic and resistance exercises for cancer survivors: a systematic review of meta-analyses of clinical trials. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 52(20), 1311–1311.

Galloway, M., Marsden, D. L., Callister, R., Erickson, K. I., Nilsson, M., & English, C. (2019). What Is the Dose-Response Relationship Between Exercise and Cardiorespiratory Fitness After Stroke? A Systematic Review. Physical Therapy, 99(7), 821–832.

Lederman, O., Ward, P. B., Firth, J., Maloney, C., Carney, R., Vancampfort, D., … Rosenbaum, S. (2019, February 1). Does exercise improve sleep quality in individuals with mental illness? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Psychiatric Research, Vol. 109, pp. 96–106.

Lee, J., & Stone, A. J. (2020). Combined Aerobic and Resistance Training for Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Muscle Strength, and Walking Capacity after Stroke: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 29(1), 104498.

Luo, L., Meng, H., Wang, Z., Zhu, S., Yuan, S., Wang, Y., & Wang, Q. (2020). Effect of high-intensity exercise on cardiorespiratory fitness in stroke survivors: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, 63(1), 59–68.

Luo, L., Zhu, S., Shi, L., Wang, P., Li, M., & Yuan, S. (2019). High Intensity Exercise for Walking Competency in Individuals with Stroke: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 28(12), 104414.

Mehling, W. E., Chesney, M. A., Metzler, T. J., Goldstein, L. A., Maguen, S., Geronimo, C., … Neylan, T. C. (2018). A 12-week integrative exercise program improves self-reported mindfulness and interoceptive awareness in war veterans with posttraumatic stress symptoms. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 74(4), 554–565.

Miller, S. A., Mayol, M., Moore, E. S., Heron, A., Nicholos, V., & Ragano, B. (2019). Rate of Progression in Activity and Participation Outcomes in Exercisers with Parkinson’s Disease: A Five-Year Prospective Longitudinal Study. Parkinson’s Disease, 2019, 1–9.

Neil-Sztramko, S. E., Winters-Stone, K. M., Bland, K. A., & Campbell, K. L. (2019). Updated systematic review of exercise studies in breast cancer survivors: attention to the principles of exercise training. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 53(8), 504–512.

Nindl, B. C., Eagle, S. R., Frykman, P. N., Palmer, C., Lammi, E., Reynolds, K., … Harman, E. (2017). Functional physical training improves women’s military occupational performance. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 20, S91–S97.

O’Brien, K. K., Tynan, A.-M., Nixon, S. A., & Glazier, R. H. (2016). Effectiveness of aerobic exercise for adults living with HIV: systematic review and meta-analysis using the Cochrane Collaboration protocol. BMC Infectious Diseases, 16(1), 182.

Segal, R., Zwaal, C., Green, E., Tomasone, J., Loblaw, A., Petrella, T., & Guideline Development Group, T. E. for P. with C. (2017). Exercise for people with cancer: a systematic review. Current Oncology, 24(4), 290.

Silveira, R., Prado, R. C. R., Brietzke, C., Coelho-Júnior, H. J., Santos, T. M., Pires, F. O., & Asano, R. Y. (2019). Prefrontal cortex asymmetry and psychological responses to exercise: A systematic review. Physiology & Behavior, 208(June), 112580.

Sosa-Reina, M. D., Nunez-Nagy, S., Gallego-Izquierdo, T., Pecos-Martín, D., Monserrat, J., & Álvarez-Mon, M. (2017). Effectiveness of Therapeutic Exercise in Fibromyalgia Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials. BioMed Research International, 2017, 1–14.

Stonerock, G. L., Hoffman, B. M., Smith, P. J., & Blumenthal, J. A. (2015). Exercise as Treatment for Anxiety: Systematic Review and Analysis. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 49(4), 542–556.

Stubbs, B., Vancampfort, D., Rosenbaum, S., Firth, J., Cosco, T., Veronese, N., … Schuch, F. B. (2017, March 1). An examination of the anxiolytic effects of exercise for people with anxiety and stress-related disorders: A meta-analysis. Psychiatry Research, Vol. 249, pp. 102–108.

Toohey, K., Pumpa, K., McKune, A., Cooke, J., & Semple, S. (2018). High-intensity exercise interventions in cancer survivors: a systematic review exploring the impact on health outcomes. Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology, 144(1), 1–12.

Uhrbrand, A., Stenager, E., Pedersen, M. S., & Dalgas, U. (2015). Parkinson’s disease and intensive exercise therapy – a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Journal of the Neurological Sciences, 353(1–2), 9–19.

Vanderbeken, I., & Kerckhofs, E. (2017). A systematic review of the effect of physical exercise on cognition in stroke and traumatic brain injury patients. NeuroRehabilitation, 40(1), 33–48.

Wang, C., Redgrave, J., Shafizadeh, M., Majid, A., Kilner, K., & Ali, A. N. (2018). Aerobic exercise interventions reduce blood pressure in patients after stroke or transient ischaemic attack: a systematic review and meta-analysis. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 53(24), 1515-1525.

Weinstock, J., Farney, M. R., Elrod, N. M., Henderson, C. E., & Weiss, E. P. (2017). Exercise as an Adjunctive Treatment for Substance Use Disorders: Rationale and Intervention Description. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 72, 40–47.