Equestrian

For more information on breeds, horse care, & equestrian sports, head to Cave Horsemanship.

For information on Equine Therapy (EAP & Hippotherapy), click here

Equine-Assisted Activities(EAA) include therapeutic riding, therapeutic driving, and interactive vaulting. These activities are led by a certified instructor, not a licensed therapist. Equine-assisted activities are designed to meet a client’s therapeutic goals (social engagement, strength, etc.) by using riding, driving, or vaulting.

*THERAPEUTIC RIDING & DRIVING*
Certified Instructors and Centers
Professional Association of Therapeutic Horsemanship International
Centers with a CTRS
Bravehearts
National Ability Center
Southern Reins
Local Center
Specialized Equine Services at Giant City Stables

*VAULTING*
Associations:
American Vaulting Association
Coaching Certification:
CHA Vaulting Coach Certification
PATH-Interactive Vaulting Certification
Media:
USEF Network
Training & Equipment:
GymnasticBodies
Pegasus Vaulting Supply
Skyline Equine

EQUINE ASSISTED LEARNING

EAL is different from other equine-assisted activities. It uses natural horsemanship principles to encourage personal growth and leadership development. EAL sessions usually include unmounted groundwork, but riding can also be used depending on the abilities and goals of the client.

You will want to have a good understanding of natural horsemanship/parelli if you plan on using EAL to meet client treatment goals. Parelli Natural Horsemanship (PNH) is a structured/leveled program designed to teach horse behavior and training that works with the horse.

You will also need to be certified in EAL (must be an educator or mental health practitioner) or as a Riding Instructor. For more information go here.

*EQUINE ASSISTED LEARNING*
Certifications for EAL
Certification Board for Equine Interaction Professionals
Equine Assisted Growth and Learning Association
PATH Mental Health
EAL Organizations
Heroes and Horses
Natural Horsemanship
Buck Brannaman
Chris Cox
Mark Rashid
Martin Black
Parelli Natural Horsemanship
Riding Instructor Certifications
Certified Horsemanship Association

*RESEARCH*

Blakeney, B. A. (2014). The Horse as Teacher: Really? Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 28(2), 79. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnu.2014.01.005

Borgi, M., Loliva, D., Cerino, S., Chiarotti, F., Venerosi, A., Bramini, M., … Cirulli, F. (2016). Effectiveness of a Standardized Equine-Assisted Therapy Program for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 46(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-015-2530-6

Burgon, H. L. (2014). Horses, mindfulness and the natural environment: Observations from a qualitative study with at-risk young people participating in therapeutic horsemanship. International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation, 17(2), 51–67.

Burgon, H. L. (2011). ‘Queen of the world’: experiences of ‘at-risk’ young people participating in equine-assisted learning/therapy. Journal of Social Work Practice, 25(02), 165–183. https://doi.org/10.1080/02650533.2011.561304

Cerulli, C., Minganti, C., De Santis, C., Tranchita, E., Quaranta, F., & Parisi, A. (2014). Therapeutic Horseback Riding in Breast Cancer Survivors: A Pilot Study. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 20(8), 623–629. https://doi.org/10.1089/acm.2014.0061

Corring, D., Lundberg, E., & Rudnick, A. (2013). Therapeutic Horseback Riding for ACT Patients with Schizophrenia. Community Mental Health Journal, 49(1), 121–126. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10597-011-9457-y

Frederick, K. E., Ivey Hatz, J., & Lanning, B. (2015). Not Just Horsing Around: The Impact of Equine-Assisted Learning on Levels of Hope and Depression in At-Risk Adolescents. Community Mental Health Journal, 51(7), 809–817. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10597-015-9836-x

Gabriels, R. L., Pan, Z., Dechant, B., Agnew, J. A., Brim, N., & Mesibov, G. (2015). Randomized Controlled Trial of Therapeutic Horseback Riding in Children and Adolescents With Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 54(7), 541–549. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2015.04.007

Gabriels, R. L., Pan, Z., Guérin, N. A., Dechant, B., & Mesibov, G. (2018). Long-Term Effect of Therapeutic Horseback Riding in Youth With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Randomized Trial. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 5(JUL). https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2018.00156

Goodwin, MS, CTRS, TRS, B. J., Hawkins, PhD, CTRS, LRT, B. L., Townsend, PhD, CTRS, J. A., Van Puymbroeck, PhD, CTRS, FDRT, M., & Lewis, PhD, CTRS, S. (2017). Therapeutic riding and children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: An application of the theory of self-efficacy. American Journal of Recreation Therapy, 15(4), 41. https://doi.org/10.5055/ajrt.2016.0118

Hallberg, L. (2018). The Clinical Practice of Equine-Assisted Therapy. New York: Routledge.

Homnick, D. N., Henning, K. M., Swain, C. V., & Homnick, T. D. (2013). Effect of Therapeutic Horseback Riding on Balance in Community-Dwelling Older Adults with Balance Deficits. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 19(7), 622–626. https://doi.org/10.1089/acm.2012.0642

Johnson, R. A., Albright, D. L., Marzolf, J. R., Bibbo, J. L., Yaglom, H. D., Crowder, S. M., … Harms, N. (2018). Effects of therapeutic horseback riding on post-traumatic stress disorder in military veterans. Military Medical Research, 5(1), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40779-018-0149-6

Kemeny, B., Hutchins, D., Gramlich, C., Craine, C., & Crandell, L. (2019). Identifying the best protocol: Social engagement or groundwork prior to therapeutic riding? American Journal of Recreation Therapy, 18(1), 19–30. https://doi.org/10.5055/ajrt.2019.0178

Lanning, B. A., Wilson, A. L., Krenek, N., & Beaujean, A. A. (2017). Using Therapeutic Riding as an Intervention for Combat Veterans: An International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) Approach. Occupational Therapy in Mental Health, 33(3), 259–278. https://doi.org/10.1080/0164212X.2017.1283282

Malkin, M. J., Lloyd, L. F., & Gerstenberger, D. (2011). Benefits of therapeutic horseback riding for an adolescent female with traumatic brain injury. American Journal of Recreation Therapy, 10(2), 17–28.

Martin, R. A., Graham, F. P., Levack, W. M. M., Taylor, W. J., & Surgenor, L. J. (2019). Exploring how therapeutic horse riding improves health outcomes using a realist framework. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 030802261986549. https://doi.org/10.1177/0308022619865496

McDaniel Peters, B. C., & Wood, W. (2017). Autism and Equine-Assisted Interventions: A Systematic Mapping Review. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 47(10), 3220–3242. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-017-3219-9

Nqwena, Z., & Naidoo, R. (2016). The effect of therapeutic horseback riding on heart rate variability of children with disabilities. African Journal of Disability, 5(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v5i1.248

Schneider, M. S., & Harley, L. P. (2016). The Impact of Therapeutic Riding for People with Disabilities on Variables Related to Mental Health. Anthrozoös, 29(1), 59–72. https://doi.org/10.1080/08927936.2015.1069987

Shapley, K. L., Flynn, P. F., & Raven, S. (2018). Therapeutic riding centers : Unexpected benefits. American Journal of Recreation Therapy, 17(3), 9–14. https://doi.org/10.5055/ajrt.2018.0163

Smith-Osborne, A., & Selby, A. (2010). Implications of the Literature on Equine-Assisted Activities for Use as a Complementary Intervention in Social Work Practice with Children and Adolescents. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 27(4), 291–307. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10560-010-0201-1

Staunæs, D., & Raffnsøe, S. (2019). Affective Pedagogies, Equine-assisted Experiments and Posthuman Leadership. Body and Society, 25(1), 57–89. https://doi.org/10.1177/1357034X18817352