Outdoor Sports

*VA SPORTS CLINICS*
National Disabled Veterans Golf Tournament
National Disabled Veterans Winter Sports Clinic
National Veterans Summer Sports Clinic

*ADVENTURE RACING*
Organizations & Competitions
United States Adventure Racing Association
Adventure Racing World Series
Gear
Hyperlite Mountain Gear
Ultimate Direction

*ADVENTURE THERAPY/ADVENTURE-BASED COUNSELING*
Adventure Therapist
Adventure Therapy Collective
Clinical Adventure Therapist Certification
Outdoor Behavioral Healthcare Council

*ARCHERY*
Organizations & Competitions
ASA Tournaments
International Bowhunting Organization (IBO)
National Field Archery Association (NFAA)
Total Archery Challenge
USA Archery
Certifications
USA Archery Instructor/Coach Program
Inclusive School Teams
National Archery in the Schools (NASP)
Olympic Archery in the Schools (OAS)
S3DA– indoor, outdoor, 3D
US Collegiate Archery– indoor, outdoor, 3D
Gear
3 Rivers Archery
Lancaster Archery
Nock On Archery

*CLIMBING*
Certifications
AMGA Climbing Instructor
Paradox Sports Adaptive Climbing Course
PCGI- Professional Climbing Guides Institute
USA Climbing Coach Certification
Sport Organizations
IFSC-International Federation of Sport Climbing
USA Climbing
Groups/Events
Warrior’s Rock

*CYCLING & TRIATHLON*
Certifications/Competitions
National Senior Games
Special Olympics
USA Cycling
USA Triathlon
Resources
Challenged Athletes Foundation
Move United
Operation Comfort
Pedal Against PTSD
Racing for Veterans
Sacred Cycling– Trauma recovery
US Military Endurance Sports
VeloVets

*DISC GOLF*
Disc Golf Association
Professional Disc Golf Association

*GOLF*
National Alliance for Accessible Golf
National Senior Games
Special Olympics
PGA Reach
US Adaptive Golf Alliance

*KAYAK*
Certifications
American Canoe Association
Adaptive Equipment
Canoe Stabilizer
CreatingAbility
AngleOar
EZ Dock
Organizations
Grief River
Special Olympics
Team River Runner– veterans program

*MOUNTAIN BIKING*
Certifications
Bike Instructor Certification Program
Organizations
Adventure Cycling Association
IMBA-International Mountain Bicycling Association
NICA-National Interscholastic Cycling Association
USA Cycling
Resources
Adaptive Mountain Bike Trails & Rating System
Adaptive Trails
Break the Boundary
Frontlines MTB
Dirt Therapy Project
MTB Amputee
MTB Project
MTB Vets
Pedal Against PTSD
Ride It Out MTB
Sacred Cycling– Trauma Recovery
The UnPavement

*ROWING*
Adaptive Rowing Certification
Concept 2
Oar Board SUP
US Rowing

*SAILING*
US Sailing
Sail Ahead
US Patriot Sailing
Veterans on Deck
Veterans Sailing Association
Veterans to Sailors
Warrior Sailing
Wooden Boats for Veterans

*SCUBA*
At Peace Counseling
Dive 21
Dive Heart
Dive Therapy
Dive Warriors
Lifewaters
Scuba Warriors
Warfighter Scuba

*SKI & SNOWBOARD*
Competitions
Special Olympics
US Biathlon
US Ski and Snowboard
Resources
Adaptive Adventures
Adaptive Sports Center
Breckenridge Outdoor Education Center
National Ability Center
National Sports Center for the Disabled
Outdoors for All
Sun Valley Adaptive Sports
US Adaptive Sports Center

*SURFING & SUP*
Competitive Organizations
International Surfing Association
Professional Stand Up Paddle Association
Special Olympics
USA Surfing
World Paddle Association
Therapeutic/Adaptive
AccessSurf
AmpSurf– certification
International Surf Therapy Organization
Jimmy Miller Memorial Foundation– veterans
Operation Surf– veterans
Surfers for Autism
Warrior Surf Foundation– veterans

*TRAIL RUNNING*
Organizations/Races
American Trail Running Association
International Trail Running Association
Spartan Trail
Team RWB
Ultra Signup
US Military Endurance Sports
UTMB
Vacation Races

*RESEARCH*

Climbing

Bohm, H., Rammelmayr, M. K., & Döderlein, L. (2015). Effects of climbing therapy on gait function in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy-A randomized, controlled crossover trial. European Journal of Physiotherapy, 17(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.3109/21679169.2014.955525

Christensen, M. S., Jensen, T., Voigt, C. B., Nielsen, J. B., & Lorentzen, J. (2017). To be active through indoor-climbing: An exploratory feasibility study in a group of children with cerebral palsy and typically developing children. BMC Neurology, 17(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12883-017-0889-z

Crawford, J.J, Vallence, J.K., Holt, N.L., Bell, G.J., Steed, H., Courneya, K. S. (2017). A pilot randomized, controlled trial of a wall climbing intervention for gynocologic cancer survivors. Oncology Nursing Forum, 44(1), 77–86. https://doi.org/10.1188/17.ONF.77-86

Dorscht, L., Karg, N., Book, S., Graessel, E., Kornhuber, J., & Luttenberger, K. (2019). A German climbing study on depression: A bouldering psychotherapeutic group intervention in outpatients compared with state-of-the-art cognitive behavioural group therapy and physical activation-study protocol for a multicentre randomised controlled trial. BMC Psychiatry, 19(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2140-5

Ewert, A., Davidson, C., & Chang, Y. (2016). The Body Doesn’t Lie. Journal of Leisure Research, 48(4), 327–337. https://doi.org/10.18666/JLR-2016-V48-I4-6807

Jolk, C., Dalgas, U., Osada, N., Platen, P., Marziniak, M. (2015). Effects of sports climbing on muscle performance and balance for patients with multiple sclerosis: A case series. International Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation, 22(8), 371–376.

Luttenberger, K., Stelzer, E. M., Först, S., Schopper, M., Kornhuber, J., & Book, S. (2015). Indoor rock climbing (bouldering) as a new treatment for depression: Study design of a waitlist-controlled randomized group pilot study and the first results. BMC Psychiatry, 15(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-015-0585-8

Steimer, J., & Weissert, R. (2017, December 19). Effects of sport climbing on multiple sclerosis. Frontiers in Physiology, Vol. 8. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2017.01021

Stemberger, M., Schmit, E., Kurnik, K., & Spannagl, M. (2015, November 1). Motivational effects of top-rope climbing therapy under individualized prophylaxis: A pilot study in young adults with severe haemophilia. Haemophilia, Vol. 21, pp. e504–e507. https://doi.org/10.1111/hae.12773

Kayaking

Atkinson, T. (2010). Adaptive kayaking for persons with physical disabilities. American Journal of Recreation Therapy, 9(2), 7–12.

Dustin, D., Bricker, N., Arave, J., Dustin, D. L., Arave, J., Wall, W., & Wendt, G. (2011). The Promise of River Running as a Therapeutic Medium for Veterans Coping with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. In Therapeutic Recreation Journal.

Hartman, K., & Porter, H. (2017). White water kayaking, positive affect, and perceived self-awareness: A case study of a veteran of the Vietnam era. American Journal of Recreation Therapy, 13(4), 41. https://doi.org/10.5055/ajrt.2014.0084

Scherer, M. R., Gade, D. M., & Yancosek, K. E. (2014). Efficacy of an adaptive kayaking intervention for improving health-related quality of life among wounded, ill, and injured service members. American Journal of Recreation Therapy, 12(3), 8–16. https://doi.org/10.5055/ajrt.2013.0048

Running

Bischoff, S., Wieder, G., Einsle, F., Petzold, M. B., Janßen, C., Mumm, J. L. M., … Ströhle, A. (2018). Running for extinction? Aerobic exercise as an augmentation of exposure therapy in panic disorder with agoraphobia. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 101(February), 34–41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2018.03.001

Kruisdijk, F., Hopman-Rock, M., Beekman, A. T. F., & Hendriksen, I. (2019). EFFORT-D: results of a randomised controlled trial testing the EFFect of running therapy on depression. BMC Psychiatry, 19(1), 170. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2156-x

Kruisdijk, F. R., Hendriksen, I. J. M., Tak, E. C. P. M., Beekman, A. T. F., & Hopman-Rock, M. (2012). Effect of running therapy on depression (EFFORT-D). Design of a randomised controlled trial in adult patients [ISRCTN 1894]. BMC Public Health, 12(1), 50. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-12-50

Lever-van Milligen, B. A., Verhoeven, J. E., Schmaal, L., van Velzen, L. S., Révész, D., Black, C. N., … Penninx, B. W. J. H. (2019). The impact of depression and anxiety treatment on biological aging and metabolic stress: study protocol of the MOod treatment with antidepressants or running (MOTAR) study. BMC Psychiatry, 19(1), 425. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2404-0

McGannon, K. R., L’Estrange, M., & McMahon, J. (2020). The role of ultrarunning in drug and alcohol addiction recovery: An autobiographic study of athlete journeys. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 46(June 2019), 101585. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2019.101585

Scuba

Beneton, F., Michoud, G., Coulange, M., Laine, N., Ramdani, C., Borgnetta, M., … Trousselard, M. (2017). Recreational Diving Practice for Stress Management: An Exploratory Trial. Frontiers in Psychology8(DEC), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02193

Blumhorst, E., Kono, S., Cave, J. (2020). An exploratory study of adaptive scuba diving’s effects on psychological well-being among military veteransTherapeutic Recreation Journal, 54(2), 173-188.

Kler, B. K., & Tribe, J. (2012). Flourishing Through Scuba: Understanding The Pursuit of Dive Experiences. Tourism in Marine Environments8(1), 19–32. https://doi.org/10.3727/154427312X13262430524027